Technical guides for planning, designing, and implementing connectivity

Search these guides for details and recommendations on keeping landscapes connected – from figuring out where to start, to determining the next steps once you’re finished. (Click the title for the full pdf.)

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TitleDateRegionAuthors/AgencyChaptersKey Information
Connectivity and Ecological Networks2016N/ALandscape InstituteWhy consider connectivity? - Ecological networks - Different aspects of connectivity - Benefits and risks to biodiversity - Connectivity and ecosystem services - Connectivity as a unifying concept - Modifying connectivity in design plansGeneral terms and approaches that can be used

Key positives and negatives of specific designs
Connecting the Dots: A Guide to Using Ecological Connectivity Modelling in Municipal Planning2016Calgary (Canada)Miistakis InstituteConnectivity and Modeling - Planning and Connectivity - Potential Connectivity Planning Applications - Planner's Connectivity WorksheetBasics of ecological connectivity and how it is modeled

Questions to improve decision-making process

Technical plans and applications for urban areas
Technical Guidelines for the Design and Management of Participatory Connectivity Conservation and Restoration at the Landscape Scale in Latin America2016Latin AmericaTropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE)Ecological Connectivity, Biological Corridors, and Community Participation - Technical Guidelines for the Design, Creation, and Management of Biological CorridorsFundamental concepts on metapopulation, landscape ecology, and corridors

Steps to implement and manage corridors, including under climate change
Connectivity Conservation Area Guidelines2016GlobalIUCN Background - Definition Connectivity Conservation Areas - Legal and Policy Facilitation - Strategic Biodiversity Conservation - Types of CCAs - Criteria for Establishment - CCA Governance TypesEstablishes definition and strategic context of Connectivity Conservation Areas (CCAs) as defined by IUCN

Presents identification criteria for CCAs

Describes governance for CCAs
Planning for Connectivity2015United StatesDefenders of Wildlife, Center for Large Landscape Conservation, Wildlands Network, Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation InitiativeImportance of Connectivity - 2012 Forest Planning Rule - Best Practices for Connectivity PlanningDetails on the requirements for forest planning under the National Forest Management Act

Recommendations for how to include connectivity in forest planning
Wildlife Connectivity: Fundamentals for Conservation Action 2014United StatesCenter for Large Landscape ConservationAn Introduction to Connectivity - Methods, Tools, and Applications - PolicyFundamentals and terms of connectivity and corridors

Ways to identify potential corridors in the landscape

Existing policies in the U.S. that support corridors
Guidance Document for Fine-Scale Wildlife Connectivity Analysis2014California (U.S.)California Dept. of Fish and GameDefine Study Area and Scale - Wildlife Corridor Component - Building the Linkage - Riparian Corridor Component - Climate Change ComponentSteps to identify and build corridors at the local scale

Ways to incorporate riparian corridors and climate change into analysis
Designing and Implementing Ecosystem Connectivity in Okanagan2014British Columbia (Canada)Okanagan Collaborative Conservation ProgramEcosystem Connectivity - Building Blocks for Ecosystem Connectivity - How are Connectivity Plans Constructed and ImplementedSummarizes principles behind ecosystem connectivity, patches, and connective elements

Tools and key ideas for connectivity planning

Extensive Appendix with details for identifying and planning for connectivity
Vermont Transportation and Habitat Connectivity Guidance Document 2012Vermont (U.S.)Vermont Agency of TransportationPlanning - Design and Construction - Operations and MaintenanceSteps to assess connectivity, prioritize projects, and outline solutions

Types of wildlife crossing structures

Maintaining wildlife crossing structures
Wildlife Passage Engineering Design Guidelines2010Edmonton (Canada)City of Edmonton, Office of Natural AreasBackground - Planning Guidelines - Design Guidelines - Construction Guidelines - Maintenance/Operations GuidelinesTechnical details to identify potential wildlife crossing for roads and highways

Technical details to construct and maintain wildlife crossing structures and their associated roads

Includes Mitigation Toolbox with specific recommendations for transportation officials
Landscape Planning for Washington's Wildlife2009Washington (U.S.)Washington Dept. of Fish and WildlifeWildlife in a Developing Landscape - How Wildlife Responds to Developing Landscapes - Habitat Composition and Configuration - Habitat Connectivity - Putting It Together - Implementation Through Plans, Regulations, and Incentive Programs - Implementation Through Subdivision and Site DevelopmentWays to provide linkages for terrestrial species

Key concepts when planning connectivity projects

Recommendations for implementing and evaluating connectivity
Best Management Practices for Wildlife Corridors2008N/APaul Beier, Dan Majka, Shawn Newell, Emily GardingPractices for Roads, Canals, and Railroads That Cross Corridors - Practices for Streams in Corridors - Practices for Urban Development in Corridors - Practices for Canals in CorridorsRecommendations for where and how to implement wildlife crossing structures over roads, canals, and railroads

Mitigation ideas for streams and urban development within corridors
Guidance on the Maintenance of Landscape Connectivity Features of Major Importance for Wild Flora and Fauna2007EuropeInstitute for European Environmental PolicyLandscape Ecology and Impacts of Habitat Fragmentation -Biodiversity Impacts of Climate Change - Assessment of Species At Risk - Framework for Assessing, Planning and Implementing Ecological Connectivity Measures - Measures to Increase ConnectivityBackground on definitions and policy for connectivity

Technical framework for planning and implementing connectivity

General recommendations to increase connectivity in the landscape
Conceptual Steps for Designing Wildlife Corridors2006N/APaul Beier, Dan Majka, Jeff JennessPre-Modeling Steps - Habitat Modeling - Corridor Modeling - Linkage Designs - Workshop ExercisesAnalyzing the big picture of who and what to connect

Technical details of modeling habitat and corridors with GIS

How to create and prioritize large-scale linkages
Conservation Corridor Planning at the Landscape Level2004United StatesUSDA Natural Resources Conservation ServiceHabitat Fragmentation - Corridors (An Overview) - Corridor Benefits - Planning and Design Principles - Area-wide Planning Process - Conservation Planning Process - ImplementationBasic principles for corridor planning and design

Technical steps for corridor implementation at both the watershed scale and conservation plan scale
2018-09-13T11:28:31-04:00 August 28th, 2018|

About the Author:

Heather Cayton
Heather Cayton is the Managing Director of and a Research Assistant at Michigan State University. She received her B.S. from the University of Virginia and her M.S. from Virginia Tech, and has spent over 10 years studying corridors and rare butterflies in North Carolina.